Artificial Intelligence | Meaning, Types, Advantages, Functions

In this modern world, there is a great bend towards Artificial Intelligence in many aspects of the lives of humans. Artificial Intelligence is the technique for programming machines based on a set of algorithms to produce desired outputs. And, nowadays Artificial Intelligence has gained lots of popularity in the modern world. This is the stimulation of the natural intelligence in the machines which is programmed in such a way to mimic the actions of human beings. And that's how these machines perform the tasks as humans and gain experience with it. And with the evolution of Artificial Intelligence posing a great impact to improve the quality of life in the modern world. Also, this is observed by the great push of the individuals towards the growth and the development of the career in the field of Artificial Intelligence.

1. What is meant by Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence in layman's terms is defined to be a Terminator-like figure having the potential to think and act on its own. Professionally Artificial Intelligence is defined to be as a set of algorithms programmed to produce desired results with no instruction at all.

So, in a nutshell, Artificial Intelligence can be counted as

  • A technologically intelligent entity created by human beings.

  • Having the potential to intelligently perform the tasks with no instructions provided to them.

2. What are the various types of Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence is of various types depending on the functionality and the programming that’s why they are called either type-1 or type-2.

The general classification of Artificial Intelligence are as follows-

  • Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI)

  • Artificial general intelligence (AGI)

  • Artificial superintelligence (ASI)

3. What are the advantages of Artificial Intelligence For humans?

This is true that Artificial Intelligence or the advancement in technology has made lives more comfortable and talking about Artificial Intelligence has made things such as navigation, recommendations, banking, fraud detection and much more daily life needs easier due to Artificial Intelligence. Counting one of the advantages of artificial intelligence is as follows-

  • This leads to the reduction of error done by humans

  • The 24 x 7 availability is unbeatable with any other human effort for doing the same

  • Very accurate at performing repetitive tasks.

  • Provides digital assistance to the human beings

  • Very helpful for making faster decisions and saving the time

  • The competitive and rational decision-maker

  • Useful for the precise use of the medical equipment in the healthcare infrastructure

  • Helpful for designing intelligent medical equipment for improving healthcare

  • Enhances the security of the security systems

  • Provides a highly efficient medium of communication across the globe.

  • Made the learning and demonstration easy.

4. How does Artificial Intelligence Perform its functions?

This is the ultimate question that clicks upon the minds of the individuals regarding Artificial Intelligence which is reverse- engineering of the human traits into machines to make them potent enough to perform the same task with more accuracy, thereby saving time money in the long run also to make the task to be convincingly performed by them to ease the living.

The computational powers are employed by the technical experts to overcome the barriers in humans and develop the entity having the higher-performing ability.

But for a better understanding of the functionality of Artificial Intelligence one has to dig deeper into the various sub-domains of the field to develop an understanding of the potential and the performing methodologies of the artificially intelligent entities in the various industries. The various stages f artificial intelligence functionality are as follows-

  • Machine learning - This is also called ML which is programmed in such a way to make decisions based upon past experiences. In this, there is an identification of the patterns, evaluation of the past data to reach a certain conclusion with no human interference at all. This type of automation comes under this category for drawing the best conclusion through data evaluation and saving human time for the other tasks.

  • Deep learning - This is also another technique for the ML in which the outcome is predicted by the machines via the evaluation of the data to be inferred through the various layers of inputs.

  • (ANN ) Artificial Neural Networks -These are the mimicry of the neural cells of the human brains which are programmed to work upon similar principles based on the set of the algorithms programmed to capture the underlying variable and do the processing of the data same as the human brain does which is the more advanced form of the learning in this.

  • Natural language processing (NLP)- This is the process of interpreting, understanding the language of the machines. Here, the machines are programmed to communicate with the user to fulfill the demands of the user appropriately.

  • Computer vision- This is the programmed feature allowing the studying and the interpreting for the image by fragmenting it into the various sets and creating the best possible output based upon the precious memories.

  • Cognitive computing- Here, the set of algorithms tries to mimic the human brain via the animation of the texts or the speech or images or the objects similar to the function which humans perform to obtain the desired result.

5. How is it measured whether Artificial Intelligence is acting like humans?

Till now, we have understood that Artificial Intelligence is the set of algorithms that are programmed in such a way to mimic the activities of humans to overcome the human barrier through reverse engineering of human traits. But whether the ultimate goal of the exact human intelligence can be programmed through artificial intelligence is still a question. But that can be answered by performing a virus test to identify whether the programming is done adequately to obtain the desired results or not. Some of these tests are

  • Turing tests - This is the test for the evaluation of the communication ability with the human agent. Here the natural language processing, representation of the knowledge, automated reasoning to the human agent, and machine learning entities are tested to identify the concluding and decision-making results interpreted by the Artificial Intelligence.

  • The cognitive type of modeling approach - This is for the analyzing of the cognitive approach of the programmed artificial entity by evaluating its capabilities of introspection, physiological experimentations also brain imaging at the various fields at varied scenarios.

  • The law of the thought approach - Here the problem-solving potential of an artificial entity is tested interpreting through the list of the logical statements as governed in the human brains to generate problem-solving formats.

The rational agent approach- This is a kind of approach where the best possible solutions are generated based upon the present resources and the evolution of the present circumstances to identify the dynamic and adaptive artificial entity.

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